Syngoniums are attractive plants whose ease of growth and maintenance and resistance to insect infestation make them a popular choice for home or office. There are 30 distinct cultivars of Syngonium podophyllum and it is known by a variety of common names (arrowhead vine, white butterfly or goosefoot plant). Often mistaken for its relative the philodendron, the arrowhead vine features green-white or green-silver variegated leaves. Its special characteristic is that its young leaves are long and arrow-shaped. With age, however, the leaves evolve into three- to five-lobed stars. Multiple-lobed leaves and arrow-shaped leaves appear on the same plant. Syngoniums love humidity and are happy with frequent misting. Wipe leaves occasionally with a damp cloth to remove dust. They do well in hanging baskets, but must be rotated to insure even growth. Pinch back the shoots regularly to obtain a thick, bushy appearance. Grown in hydroculture, they rarely need repotting.
Family: Araceae (arum)
Origin: Central America
Care: Feed regularly, except winter, with a complete fertilizer solution. Keep the soil evenly moist (but not soggy) from spring to fall. Allow the top soil to dry between waterings in winter. Mist often.
Lighting: Sun to Shade
Ideal Temperature: 60-75°F (16-24°C)
Challenges: Rarely scale insects, aphids, spider mites and mealybugs. Attacks usually occur when the air is too dry.