This plant is easily recognized by its heart-shaped leaves and is probably the most common of all philodendrons. It is a climber and can reach a height of 6 feet. It is one of the most popular houseplants, largely because of its tolerance to low-light conditions. Introduced as a houseplant around 1850, it is composed of many glossy, dark-green leaves. These are heart-shaped and taper to a sharp point.
Heart-Leaf philodendron is one of the easiest philodendrons to grow. To give it a more bushy appearance, regularly pinch out some of its growing tips. It will benefit greatly from frequent misting.
It can be propagated by taking pieces of stem with leaves attached and rooting in moist potting soil. Because it is a slow grower, it is excellent in a hanging basket. Fairly resistant to insects, this plant should always be included in any mixed display of houseplants.
Family: Araceae (arum)
Origin: South America
Care: Feed every two weeks except in winter. Large plants need full strength fertilizer but a weak solution is best for smaller plants. Keep the soil evenly moist, but water less frequently in winter. Mist often. Clean leaves occasionally with a damp cloth or sponge.
Ideal Temperature: 55-75°F (13-24°C)
Challenges: Aphids, mealybugs, and scale insects. Root rot from too wet and cold conditions.